The first step in becoming a cosmetologist is finding a cosmetology or beauty school that fits your needs. At cosmetology schools, students learn the skills and techniques needed to pass their state licensing exam for hair, nails, makeup, safety and sanitation.
1. Chemical Peel Treatments
Chemical peels are a technique used to improve the appearance of the skin. In this treatment, a solution is applied to the skin, which causes it to peel off. The new, regenerated skin is usually smoother and less pigmented than the old skin. The new skin also is temporarily more sensitive to thesun.
What Conditions Do a Chemical Peel Treat?
Chemical peels are performed on the face, neck or hands. They can be used to:
Reduce fine lines under the eyes and around the mouth
Treat wrinkles caused by sun damage, aging and hereditary factors
Improve the appearance of mild superficial scarring
Treat certain types of acne
Reduce age spots, freckles and dark patches due to pregnancy or taking birth control pills (melasma)
Improve the look and feel of skin that is dull in texture and colour
Types Of Chemical Peel
There are various types of chemical peel solutions used for different skin problems.
Glycolic acid peel- They are commonly performed for pigmentation and oil control.
Salicylic acid peels –They are used for antiinflammatory benefits in acne prone skin. They also help with superficial exfoliation of comedones (black and white heads).
Tricholoacetic acid peels -They are generally used for deep exfoliation of pigment. Milder peel solutions like lactic acid,
mandelic acid and arginine are used in conjunction with other cosmetic procedures like laser therapies, botox and fillers to enhance their effects.
How Are Chemical Peels Performed?
A chemical peel can be performed in a doctor’s office or in a surgery center as an outpatient procedure. The skin is thoroughly cleansed with an agent that removes excess oils and the eyes and hair are protected. One or more chemical solutions, such as glycolic acid, trichloroacetic acid, salicylic acid, lactic acid or carbolic acid (phenol), are applied to small areas on the skin. These applications produce a controlled wound, enabling new, regenerated skin to appear.
Preparing for a Chemical Peel
Prior to the chemical peel, your doctor may ask you to stop taking certain drugs and prepare your skin with topical preconditioning medications such as Retin-A or glycolic acid. After the chemical peel, it’s important to use a broad-spectrum sunscreen every day.
If you have been prescribed oral antibiotics or an oral antiviral medicine, you should begin taking those as directed. Typically, the oral antibiotics are prescribed depending on the depth of the chemical peel.
Remember to ask your doctor if you need to have someone drive you home.
What to Expect During The Procedure
During the procedure, most patients experience a warm to somewhat hot sensation that lasts about five to ten minutes, followed by a stinging sensation. Cool compresses may be applied to help alleviate this stinging. A deeper peel may require pain medication during or after the procedure.
What To Expect After the Chemical Peel
Depending upon the type of chemical peel, peeling usually involves redness, followed by scaling that ends within three to seven days. Most peels may be repeated at
one to four-week intervals until the desired clinical effect is achieved.
You will work with your dermatologist to determine the depth of your peel. This joint decision can vary, depending upon the condition of your skin and the objectives of treatment.
It is important to avoid over-exposure to the sun after a chemical peel since the new skin is fragile and more susceptible to complications. The dermatologist will prescribe the proper follow-up care to reduce the tendency to develop abnormal skin color after peeling.
What Are the Possible Complications of Chemical Peels?
In certain skin types, there is a risk of developing a temporary or permanent color change in the skin. Taking birth control pills, subsequent pregnancy or family history of brownish discoloration .
on the face may increase the possibility of developing abnormal pigmentation.
There is a small risk of reactivation of cold sores in patients with a history of herpes outbreaks. This problem is treated with medication as prescribed by the dermatologist. Your dermatologist may also choose to give you medication before or immediately after the peel in order to prevent a herpes outbreak.
Prior to treatment, it is important for a patient to inform the dermatologist of any past history of keloids (scar tissue overgrowth created at the site of a skin injury) or unusual scarring tendencies, as well as any history of x-rays treatments to the face or recurring cold sores.
Before and After Photographs of Melasma patients
Before and After Photographs of Pimple Patients
Before and after Photographs of Pimple with Pigmentation
2. MDA (MICRODERMABRASION)
Professional peeling is an important precondition for effective skin rejuvenation. Gentle abrasion of the dead skin cells creates the ideal condition for effective nutrition to the deeper skin layers. Microdermabrasion at Skin & You Clinic, Mumbai, offers the ultimate peeling solution – it is controlled and gentle, yet highly effective and suitable for every skin type. Immediately after a treatment, the skin looks fresh and rosy and the results improve with every treatment.
It is a process that exfoliates, polishes, and increases the lymphatic drainage of skin. It uses a gentle vacuum to bring your skin in contact with crystals that gently remove the top layer of dead skin. It can be used to help treat various skin conditions such as acne, Comedones (blackheads), and dull or rough skin. It is most commonly used on the face, but can be also used on the neck, back, and hands.
Microdermabrasion is a process that exfoliates the skin using a gentle vacuum that brings skin into contact with the crystals.
It can be used for various skin conditions like acne scars or to simply improve dull or rough skin.
Microdermabrasion takes around 30-45 minutes and usually a few sessions are required for optimal results.
Temporary redness may occur after microdermabrasion.
Microdermabrasion is a safe and effective procedure.
Microdermabrasion can be used for
Acne scars ,skin rejuvenation ,,anti ageing effects and face tighting, stretch mark
The Procedure – Generally, a session of microdermabrasion of the face takes approximately 30-45 minutes. It is not painful and it may feel like you are having a facial.
Prior to microdermabrasion, your face is thoroughly cleansed. The microdermabrasion head is then systematically passed over the face multiple times. Particular creams or serums areput on your face after the procedure has been completed. After microdermabrasion, your skin may appear red and this usually persists for a short time and you will notice that your skin feels soft and smooth afterwards.
Advice for Microdermabrasion
Please stop all applications 2 days before the day of treatment.
Use sunscreen regularly before the start of the treatment.
If you are on any kind of medication, share all details with the doctor performing the procedure. On the day of Treatment.
Please do not wear any make-up on the day of treatment.
A peel procedure can sometimes have some very short-term after-effects, so don't be alarmed if you experience redness or irritation of skin for 1-2 days after the treatment.
Avoid direct sun exposure after the treatment. Use sun screen regularly, SPF 30+ or as advised.
Avoid saunas, steam and sunbathing for 7 days after the procedure.
You can wash your face 6-8 hours after the procedure, but we recommend using a gentle face wash.
We recommend a gap of 3-4 weeks between the microdermabrasion.
Avoid any applications for 3 days after the treatment.
Why Dr.kumar clinic For Skin Polishing Procedure?
We at DR.KUMAR SKIN AND LASER CLINIC use the safest and sterilised crystals; the procedure is done under complete medical guidance.
Before and After Phototgraph of Microdermaabrassion
3. Glutathione for Skin Whitening
In all Asian countries including India, a light skin tone is often equated with beautiful skin. I personally believe that a healthy, clear, even toned skin is truly beautiful. For me and several others the colour of the skin does not matter. But wanting to have a light skin, I feel is a personal choice that requires due respect.
What is Glutathione?
Glutathione or GSH is a compound consisting of 3 amino acids (simple proteins) that is constantly required by the body. It is synthesized by all the cells in the body, includingthe skin. Common food sources are asparagus, watermelon, avocado, fresh vegetables, etc.
What does Glutathione do?
Glutathione is the master antioxidant of the body. It is responsible for the detoxification process, recycling and optimum usage of other antioxidants such as vitamin A,C and E. It works in maintaining each cell in optimum health.
How does Glutathione skin whitening work?
Glutathione when taken orally or via injections has a skin lightening and detoxifying effect.
Glutathione inhibits the action of an enzyme called tyrosinase in the skin.
This enzyme is responsible for production of melanin; a pigment that gives the skin its characteristic colour; more the melanin content and dispersion in the skin, darker will be the skin tone.
Less tyrosinase activity means reduced melanin synthesis and a lighter skin tone.
How much time does skin whitening require?
The time required for visible skin lightening depends on several factors. Some of them are:
overall health and immunity of the patient
general lifestyle, smoking and alcohol consumption levels
pre-existing liver and other compromised states
genetic colour of the skin
mode of treatment pills vs. IV injections
the final skin colour desired
Is there a difference between tablet and injection treatment?
Injections are used for the initial skin lightening purpose. This takes about 1-2 months. Once the desired results are achieved then tablets are used for maintenance. In my clinical practice I have observed that lightening the skin with tablets alone is extremely difficult and gives poor results
How safe is this treatment?
Glutathione treatment is absolutely safe and effective if done by a Dermatologist who is well versed with the treatment protocol.
Few words of caution!
Always have your skin lightening treatment done from a Dermatologist who is well versed with the treatment procedure/ protocol.Trust only that glutathione which is dispensed by a Dermatologist who is already providing the treatment.With the increase in demand in India, fake Glutathione is being rampantly advertised and sold.Buying from agents is a strict no-no.
Most of the glutathione that is freely available is of poor quality or concentration and is essentially a waste of precious time and money.
My advice to all those seeking to lighten their skin is, please do not self medicate. Simply consuming glutathione and other such supplements or applying cosmetic fairness creams is not going to lead to skin whitening. The actual treatment is much more complex than that. If you are interested in a treatment that actually works, start saving your money because skin whitening treatments do not come cheap!
4. Dark Circle
Dark circles are the second most common dermatological compliant, first is Acne. They are completely harmless but not for your looks Dark circles give you an aged and tried lookrobbing off your youthful exuberance.
How are dark circles formed?
Dark circles result due to the seepage in bloodcapillaries. The capillaries around the eyes are so thin that all the blood vessels can not pass at once. This leads to their seeping out into the surrounding cells. Over here they are broken down into components, which are blueblack in colour, just like a bruise.
What are the causes for dark circles?
Basically 4 reasons are common in all patients Constant watching the t.v, long work infront of computer,unhealthy diet,heriditry factors, Medical condition like anemia ,hypothyroidism.
How can dark circles be treated?
There are plenty of home remedies and creams going around in the market. They either conceal the dark circles or fade them but they can’t cure them. In order to cure the dark circles correct diagnosis for the cause should be made.Your dermatologist would be able to help you with this.
What are the remedies and precautions that are effective in controlling dark circles?
Sun exposure can worsen the dark circle and aggravate the aging process of the skin under the eyes. Apply a sunscreen every day before setting out from home..Salt is very detrimental to any treatment for dark circles. It induces fluid retention mechanism causing puffiness under the eyes along with aggravating the dark
circles. There fore it is very important to control your salt intake A healthy diet is the most favourable precautionary measure possible. Include foods rich in antioxidants such as cranberries, black currant, onions, legumes and parsley. Along with these drink plenty of water.
All these measure will give you short term relief from those nasty dark circles, however, for a long term relief consult a dermatologist.
DR.KUMAR SKIN AND LASER CLINIC provides facilities:
Before and After Photograph of Dark Circle
A special instrument, with micro needles, is used to treat superficial / deep acne scars. The procedure will even out the skin texture through collagen stimulation.
Swelling and redness usually occurs after the procedure; the swelling subsides in 4-6 hours while the redness settles down in 24 hours. Pre- and post-procedure instructions.
Apply a local anaesthetic cream 1 hour before the procedure
AUse an antibiotic cream twice daily for 3 days after the procedure
Use a mild cleanser and moisturiser for 5 days after the procedure
Avoid excessive exposure to the sun during and in between treatment
Use a sunscreen of SPF 30 regularly after the treatment
Apply make-up after 24 hours
It is a simple and effective treatment for acne scar management. It can be performed without anaesthesia, no injections required. Besides improving depresses acne scarring, it can also be used for wrinkles, large pores, improve skin texture and improve the appearance of stretch marks. It can be applied on areas like face, neck, arms, abdomen, and legs.It is a day procedure, and patient can resume work in a day or two.On an average 5-8 sittings are required at a interval of two week.
Before and After Photograph of Dermaroller Patients