Cosmetic Surgery

Cosmetic Surgery is a surgical specialty. It includes cosmetic aesthetic surgery, reconstructive surgery, craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns.

1. Mole Removal

What is a mole?

Mole formation depends upon genes and can appear anywhere on the skin. They are usually brown to black in colour and may be found alone or in groups. They are of various size and shapes ranging from being round and protruded to flat and smooth. During the infancy the moles looks more like freckles but due to hormonal changes during puberty or pregnancy they grow bigger and more evident. Moles usually have a life span of 50 years.

How are moles removed?

Moles are harmless and can be easily left alone but they should always be under scrutiny because in some cases they may develop into malignant melanoma. Moles if they become a hindrance for the day to day life, such as the moles on the cheeks would always pose problems during shaving, they should be removed. What ever the reason of their removal is, it should always be done by a dermatologist.

Before and After Phototgraph of Mole

2. Warts

What are warts?

Warts are viral infection caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV), which stimulates the growth of cells of outer layer of skin which forms a wart. They are contagious and spread from one place to other with the direct touch

What are the different types of warts?

  • Common Warts : It is most common type of wart and are characterized by raised itchy lesion with rough surface and can occur anywhere on the body, but mostly found on the hands.
  • Flat : Flat warts are smoother, flatter, and smaller than common warts, and generally occur on the face. This type of wart is more common in children than adults.
  • Plantar : Plantar warts usually appear as flesh-colored or light brown growth usually occur on feet and are painful.
  • Genital: Genital warts can appear in the pubic region, on the genitals, in or around the anus, and in the vagina. They look like small pink or red skin growth and can spread and grow rapidly. Mild pain, itching and bleeding can occur.

Before and After Phototgraph of Warts Patient

3. Molluscum Contagiosum

What is Molluscum Contagiosum?

Molluscum is a viral infection which is caused by pox virus, characterized by raised pearly white skin growth. They are more common in children and sometimes may resolve themselves without any treatment. However if they increase in number and size they require treatment from a dermatologist.

What are the Symptoms?

Molluscum or warts are viral infections .They are usually harmless but spread very easily. There can be mild itching and warts on tips of fingers and feet can be painful. In case of infection, sometimes there can be bleeding or pus discharge. They are infectious. One can catch wart or molluscum by touching an infected object - such as towel, clothes, or plates - touched by an infected person.

Warts and Molluscumcontagiosum Treatment at Dr.Kumar Clinic

There are many treatment options for warts, although reoccurrence after the treatment can be seen.But complications can be prevented if a proper treatment from the dermatologists is taken. Some options include:

  • Medications: Some medications can be applied to reduce the size but they are not effective for permanent removal.
  • Extraction: Molloscum can be extracted by the expert with the best technology.
  • Laser therapy: This procedure uses an intense beam of light (the laser) to burn and destroy wart or molluscumtissue completely by an expert.
  • All these procedures are done by experts at dr.kumar clinic.

Before and After Photograph of Molluscumcontagiosum patients

4. Corn Removal

What is Corn or Callus?

These are areas of thickened skin that occur in areas of pressure. They are actually a normal and natural way for the body to protect itself. For example, callus develops on the hand when chopping a lot of wood - its a normal way for the skin to protect itself. In the foot, the skin will thicken up to protect itself when there are areas of high pressure. The problem occurs when the pressure continues, so the skin gets thicker. It eventually becomes painful and is treated as something foreign by the body.

Before and After Photograph of Corn Removal

5. Ear Lobe Repair

What is Ear Lobe Repair?

Ear lobe repair is a simple, safe, minimally invasive reconstructive surgical procedure done to restore the appearance of ear lobes that have been torn or elongated due to trauma or piercing or pull by heavy earrings.

Who all require an Ear lobe Repair?

  • All those with torn or elongated or expanded ear lobes due to Trauma
  • After wearing heavy and dangling earrings for an extended period of time.

What does the Procedure Involve?

  • It is a one-day procedure taking 30mins to 45mins or even less for one ear.
  • Both the ears can be done on the same day
  • The procedure is started by a local anesthesia to make the area numb or free of pain.
  • Mild swelling and redness is present that is taken care by painkillers and subsides within 2-3days

What is the after Care to be taken?

  • The dressing is kept in place and the area is kept clean and dry for 2-3days.
  • A topical antibiotic is applied for the next 7 days.
  • You are called for follow up after 1 week when the suture removal is also done.
  • Complete healing usually occurs by 2-3weeks.

What should I expect after the procedure?

After the procedure you see a very thin linear line along the line of sutures that fades within a few days.

When can I re-pierce my earlobe?

The earlobe can be re-pierced, 3-4 weeks after the procedure when the ear lobe has completely healed.

Are there any side effects associated with the procedure?

The procedure is safe, minimally invasive and rarely associated with any side effects like pain, swelling.

Why Dr.kumarClinic For Glue Repair?

We at Dr.kumar Clinic are well trained on the surgical repair and glue repair. Our team will take every effort for the procedure to be as comfortable as possible with good results and less downtime.

Before and After Photograph of Ear Lobe Repair

6. Keloid And Hypertrophic Scar

Keloid And Hypertrophic Scar is a kind of skin growth that appears usually at the site of skin damage. After this trauma the skin heals by the growth of a fibrous tissue resulting in a skin growth or scar. Keloid mostly occurs on the exposed site like earlobe, chest or face. Hypertrophic scars usually formed after the trauma or injury. They can increase in size and number and may interfere with routine activities of the patient.

What are the symptoms of this condition?

  • As disfiguring marks left on the skin by healing of injured tissues, keloids can be seen as firm, raised, soft and at times shiny growth on the skin - they are not painful but there can be itching, burning sensation or inflammation at times.
  • Pink or red colourscars and usually darker or lighter than the colour of surrounding skin.
  • At times they can extend beyond the limits of original woundwhich can be disfiguring.
  • Changes in colour, shape and size of scars with time.

Keloid And Hypertrophic Scar Treatment at Dr.Kumar Clinic

At Dr.Kumar Clinic, this condition is treated by the experts by medications (topical,oral or injectable) which makes it soft and helps to flatten it easily.

Surgical removal - this is done for huge keloids or scars by the team of plastic surgeon and dermatologist.

Steroid injection – at a gap of one month steroid injection is given in keloid and hypertrophic scar.

Before and after photograph of our Keloid patients

7. Acne Scars

ACNE SCARRING

Even with the most careful and conscientious treatment, acne scars may still occur.

Causes

Severe nodular and cystic acne as well as pricking of acne may result in acne scarring.

Each acne lesion has the natural ability to heal itself. Every pimple results in loss or formation of tissues. The loss of tissue results in milder scars, while formation of new, thicker tissue can result in more severe scars.

Types Of Acne Scars

  • Ice-pick Scars: The skin appears to have been pierced by a needle
  • Rolling Scars: This type causes rolling or "wave-like" undulations across otherwise normal-appearing skin.
  • Boxcar Scars: They are round or oval depressions wider than ice-pick scars.
  • Hypertrophic Scars: They appear as firm, raised masses of tissue and are usually larger than the original acne in size.

Treatments For Acne Scars

Specific treatment procedures to minimize acne scars will be determined by your dermatologist based on –

  • Your age, overall health, and medical history
  • Severity of the scar
  • Type of scar
  • Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
  • Your opinion or preference

RF pixel (Laser resurfacing) – Laser resurfacing with a pixel is a method of treating acne scarring. During the procedure, just a small portion of the tissue is treated piece by piece by the laser. The remaining tissue supplies the healing that leads to the elimination of irregular superficial pigmentation, filling of the acne scars and the smoothing of the skin that results from the generation of new collagen leading to scar filling.

Creams and Lotions– Various creams or lotions containing retinol, vitamin C and alpha and beta hydroxy acids help in resurfacing of the scars. They are more effective in superficial scarring. These topical creams are often used as a combination with various other procedures done for scarring.

Chemical Peels – They are also effective in treating acne scars. They result in a smooth, even surface along with improving the texture of the skin.

Skin polishing (Microdermabrasion)– It is a procedure that removes the superficial layer of skin helping in resurfacing of the scars, but only for superficial ones. It uses a gentle vacuum along with crystals and gently removes the top layer of dead skin. This also stimulates collagen production and helps heal the scars. As the skin heals from the procedure, the surface appears smoother and fresher.

Mesotherapy – It is a non-surgical, relatively painless procedure wherein multiple microinjections deliver vitamins, amino acids, hyaluronic acid etc. into the skin stimulating collagen production and help in scar resurfacing. Significant improvement in the scar surface has been noticed with this procedure. .

Derma Roller– A medical micro-needling procedure that releases new collagen and elastin in the scar tissue.Thus effective in scar filling as well as rejuvenation.Mostly useful in indented or rolling scars

Filler injections – collagen is injected beneath the skin to replace the body's natural collagen that has been lost. It is mostly useful for depressed scars like boxcars or rolling scars. Procedure can last for up to 8 – 12 months. When done in combination with other treatments, the results can be good.

Why Dr.kumar Clinic For Acne Scar Treatment?

We, at dr.kumar clinic, after assessing disease severity and type of scarring, plan an individualised treatment to get the acne controlled along with decreasing the scars so as to achieve the best cosmetic result as possible.

Before and After Phootgraphs of Acne Scars

8. xanthelasma

What is xanthelasma ?

A xanthelasma is a yellowish deposit of fat and cholesterol found under the skin that’s around or on the eyelids. Xanthelasmaare not harmful, nor do they cause any pain, but most people do not care for the appearance of these yellow growths around the eyes and elect to have them removed.

Xanthelasma is a common condition among the elderly . The condition occurs slightly more often in men than in women, usually in people over the age of forty.

Before and after photo graph of xanthelasma removal

9. Skin Tag Removal

What is a skin tag?

Skin tags are common, acquired benign skin growths that look like a small, soft balloons of hanging skin. Skin tags are harmless growths that can vary in number from one to hundreds. Males and females are equally prone to developing skin tags. Obesity is associated with skin tag development. Although some skin tags may fall off spontaneously, most persist once formed. The medical name for skin tag is acrochordon.

Before and After Photograph of Skin Tag Removal